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Prosthetic & Orthotic Department

Prosthetics and Orthotics is a medical and engineering based healthcare profession which deals with rehabilitation of physically handicapped individuals who suffer from limb malfunctions or abnormalities or absence or loss of limbs or other body parts. The loss of body parts may have been the result of an accident or mishap or amputation owing to medical conditions like diabetes or gangrene or cancer or in some cases the defect may be congenital. There may also be cases where people suffering from conditions like polio or muscular degeneration need an external support for movement and strength to go about their day to day activities.

Prosthetists and Orthotists are professionals who help people suffering from neuromotor and musculoskeletal disorders such as the ones mentioned above, to return to a normal life by using their skills and advanced medical technology.

Objectives:
To evaluate, assess persons with disabilities and design, fabricate and fit suitable and appropriate Prosthetics and Orthotics aids and appliances.

To undertake research for design and development of latest, light weight Prosthetic and Orthotic aids and appliances and other assistive devices for the persons with disabilities.

A Prosthesis, or what is commonly known as an artificial limb is an extension or replacement of a missing or damaged body part. It can be an artificial leg, an entire hand or just the palms of hands or feet etc. Those professionals who deal with prosthesis are called Prosthetists.

An Orthosis is a device which can give support to weak limbs or help to correct a deformity. It is derived from the Greek word 'ortho' meaning 'to straighten'. Such devices include braces, splints and special footwear which assist movement and tend to lessen the amount of discomfort. Orthotists are professionals concerned with manufacture and fitting of Orthosis.

Prosthetic Devices :

Lower Limb Prosthesis:

Prosthetic Devices (Artificial Limbs) are functional and Cosmetic replacement of the missing part of the amputated limb.

 

Upper Limb Prosthesis:

The Upper Limb Prosthesis are designed and fabricated for Upper Limb Amputees for grasp function and cosmetic appearance. Examples are Partial Hand Prosthesis, Carpometacarpal Prosthesis, Wrist Disarticulation Prosthesis, Below Knee Prosthesis, Above Elbow Prosthesis and Shoulder Disarticulation Prosthesis.

Orthotic Devices:

The Orthotic Devices are generally used for management of various Orthopaedic and Neuromuscular disorders including congenital deformity of lower limb, upper limb and spine. The devices are used for wide spectrum of physical disabilities. They are used to correct the deformity, to maintain the correction and support the unstable part of the body. The various types of Lower Limb Orthosis are Foot Orthosis, Ankle Foot Orthosis, Knee Orthosis, Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis, Hip Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis etc. The types of Upper Limb Orthosis are Wrist Hand Orthosis, Elbow Orthosis etc. Spinal Orthosis like Sacroiliac Belt, Lumbo-Sacral Belt, Lumbo-Sacral Corset are also provided.
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